In this chapter, Carothers et al have three objectives: first, they document the value of nonnative Tamarix as summer habitat for birds compared to native riparian habitats of mesquite bosques and cottonwood/willow, and mixed deciduous gallery woodlands; second, they specifically focus on the unintended consequences to native avifauna of dam construction, Tamarix invasion, native vertebrate colonization of the Tamarix-dominated riparian habitat, and subsequent biocontrol along approximately 300 miles of the Colorado River in Grand and Glen Canyons; and, third, they briefly review current allelopathic studies on the potential long-term fate of native woody riparian vegetation when growing alongside Tamarix

Carothers, S.W., Johnson, R.R. and Kingsley, K.J., A Naturalized Riparian Ecosystem: Consequences of Tamarisk Leaf Beetle (Diorhabda spp.) Biocontrol. Riparian Research and Management: Past, Present, Future Volume 2, p.18.